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Budgeting for Principal Recipient Audit

The audits that are carried out by the Office of Audit and Investigations (OAI) cover only the Principal Recipient (PR) activities as managed by a given UNDP Country Office (CO) or Regional Service Centre (RSC).

Practice Pointer

Should a Country Office have a Financing Agreement (FA) to provide technical support to national partners then the activities will be included in the audit of the Country Office and not part of the UNDP PR OAI audit. Therefore, there should be no audit costs included in the programme budget for a FA.

Effective 19 September 2017, UNDP and the Global Fund agreed to a tailored audit cost recovery process, in alignment with OAI’s risk-based approach to audit, as formalized in the Framework Agreement.

The process agreed with the Global Fund is as follows:

  1. Budgeting – COs and RSCs managing Global Fund grants are advised to budget for the OAI audit costs as follows:

    • High risk countries should budget for the audit costs of US$85,000 once in two (2) years. For high risk countries the timing of the budget should take into account the date the last OAI audit report for Global Fund programmes was issued. For example, if a high risk country was last audited in 2023, they should make a provision for a budget in 2025.

    • Medium risk countries should budget audit costs of US$85,000 once in three to four (3-4) years.

    • Low risk countries should budget audit costs of US$85,000 once in four to five (4-5) years.

    • In all cases, should a country not be audited in a particular year, then they should re-phase the audit budget to the following year until an OAI audit takes place and payment is made. 

    • The risk ratings per country are updated by OAI every year in Quarter 4.  

    • The risk ratings will be communicated by the UNDP Global Fund Partnership and Health Systems Team (GFPHST) to the concerned COs and RSC.
    • New Countries should use the previous year’s country risk rating to guide them in terms of the frequency of the OAI audits and should budget accordingly.
    • For countries with more than one grant agreement the costs should be apportioned across the respective grant budgets (including C19RM), based on the total signed grant amounts.
    • The audit costs are planned and budgeted under the account for “Professional Services” (74100).
    • In the event there is an ‘unsatisfactory’ OAI audit rating, there will be a follow-up audit in the subsequent year as per UNDP guidelines. The CO or RSC should, therefore, request a budget reallocation to cover the costs of the follow-up audit.
    • In Quarter 1 of the last year of the Implementation Period, UNDP will review the utilization of the audit costs and agree with the Global Fund on reprogramming of the savings, if any.
    • For the active grants that do not have a budget line for OAI audits, COs or RSCs shall submit a request to the Global Fund for the budget reallocation of savings to include the audit costs in the respective grant budgets and the cash forecast for the annual Disbursement Request.
  2. OAI’s annual Global Fund audit plan – In December of each year, the GFPHST will share with the Global Fund and the COs and RSCs, the OAI annual audit plan for the subsequent year and a proposal for the distribution of audit costs for the respective countries. For all grants selected for audit the CO or RSC should include audit costs in the cash forecast for the annual Disbursement Request. 
  3. Upon the upon the issuance of a draft audit report by OAI, the US$85,000 for audit costs will be charged to the respective grants through a Zero Dollar Invoice (ZDI) (expense account 74110 “Audit fees” with the full COA in the GL and PPM segments), with a prorating of the cost (based on the signed amounts of active grants (including C19RM) for countries with more than one grant. The audit fees collected should be credited to the UNDP Global Fund Partnership and Health Systems Team (GFPHST) Income Account 54025 (Reimbursement for Management Services) with COA in the GL segment only as follows.

COA in the GL segment

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